When it comes to choosing between Sativa, Indica, or Hybrid marijuana strains it really comes down to personal preference. Of course, each strain is going to provide users with different effects once they are consumed, but the desired effect will really depend on what you are looking to achieve from your high.
So, what really are the major differences between the strains and which can benefit you more?
The Sativa Strain
When it comes to physicality, you will without a doubt not find anything more beautiful and tower than the Sativa plant. In fact, grow in the right conditions this plant can grow to be as tall as eighteen feet high when fully matured.
Most plants are usually at least eight feet or taller. They also contain thin leaves, so this plant really gives off the classic marijuana look when you examine it. The Sativa strain really originates for warm climates like Mexico, Central America, and Southeast Asia, so they are going to thrive in the outdoor sunlight.
The Effects Of The Sativa
When someone individuals consume the Sativa strain they have reported feelings of energy, thoughtfulness, focus, and uplifting. Also, when consumed the strain gives off a fruity type aroma, which is something that most individuals really enjoy.
Most users like consuming this strain when they want to be social, clean the home, or come up with creative or brilliant thoughts. Also, since the strain promotes energy if you are looking to do anything physical and want to catch a buzz beforehand, the Sativa should be your go-to strain.
The Indica Strain
The Indica plants are nowhere near the size of the Sativa plants, but this doesn’t mean that they can’t be just as potent or come along with their own specialized benefits. Indica plants are short and contain much wider leaves.
One of the things that really sets these two strains apart is the fact that Indica plants are much more tolerant to the colder weather. Since they originate for the Hindu Kush area of the Himalayas, they can handle the cold much better. In fact, the plant has developed a genius way to protect itself from the cold weather.
It does exactly this by producing a cannabinoid-dense resin. The resin covers the plant and allows it to handle the harsher climates. This is one of the main reasons that the plant is so potent and high in THC as well.
The Effects Of The Indica
Not only are the two plants completely different in appearance, but the effects are different as well. Many everyday users have nicknamed the Indica plant “in-da-couch”. After consuming this strain, you are going to feel sleep, relaxed, pain free, and care free.
Many individuals that are feeling sick or want to increase their appetite usually reach for the Indica strain, because it can provide them with exactly what they are looking for. This strain has also proven to be extremely effective when it comes to battling depression.
The Hybrid Strains
So, what exactly are the hybrid strains? A hybrid strain is basically just a mixture of the Sativa and Indica strains. A grower might take the very best Sativa strains he or she has available and crossbreeds them with his or her very best Indica strains. In most cases these plants will either be Sativa dominant or Indica dominant.
When consuming the hybrids, the effects that you will receive will really depend on which strain is more dominant during the crossbreeding. That being said, there are a variety of popular different hybrid strains available on the market that have the very best of what both strains have to offer.
The Origins Of The Strains
The Indica plant originally originated in Central Asia and it grew so popular that it eventually spread to a variety of nearby regions.
Some of these regions are India, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Morocco, and Turkey. Some of the most popular Indica strains like the Afghani Kush, Hindu Kush, Mazar I Sharif really thrive in temperatures of 30 and 50 degrees. This is probably due to the fact that these plants and strains have adapted to their local growing conditions over the years.
As you already know the Sativa plant is a bit different, as it grows taller and is mostly found in much warmer climates. In fact, some of the most popular and potent Sativa strains like the Durban Poison, Panama Red, and Acapulco gold all originated in locations that were right next to the equator.
Amongst some of these locations are Colombia, Mexico, Thailand, and Southeast Asia. The Sativa plant will really strive and grow wild in any humid and tropical climates.
The Morphology And Growing Process Of The Strains
Anyone with a little bit of knowledge can physically see the major differences when looking at the two strains. They without a doubt contain very different characteristics. The Indcia strains are extremely short, but bushy.
In fact, it is very rare to see an Indica plant grow to be taller than six feet tall. Saliva plants, on the other hand, have been seen to reach as high as twenty feet tall in the right outdoor climates. On a Sativa plant, the branches are spread out and grow in an upward direction, leaving the leaves to be very long and narrow. The Indica is much different, as the leaves are extremely thick and much broader.
Most growers looking to grow in an indoor environment usually prefer the Indica to the Sativa due to its smaller stature. Even though the produce much less of a yield than the Sativa plants the Indica has a much faster growing cycle.
The Sativa plants remain in the vegetation period for much longer periods of time, which takes the plant longer to bud and produce yield.
In fact, it can take the Sativa plant anywhere from ten to sixteen weeks to fully mature during the flowering cycle. Of course, the longer vegetation state does mean a higher yield, but this is might not suit the conditions of many farmers. The Indica plant can flower and bud in around eight to fourteen weeks.
Know The Differences In The Chemical Makeup
Since the Sativa and Indica strains are so different it shouldn’t come as a big surprise that their cannabinoid content is going to be much different as well. The first thing that you need to know is that there are over 100 cannabinoids in a cannabis plant as a given time.
This can include anything for THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) to CBD (cannabidiol). Due to the fact that Sativa plants produce a might high THC content they have a lower CBD content. Indica strains have the exact opposite effect. Their THC content tends to be lower, so the CBD content is somewhat higher than that of the Sativa.
However, when it comes to crossbreeding and hybrids many growers have found several different ways to combine these two strains and offset the THC and CBD content of both strains. CBD is without a doubt the second most well known ingredient in the cannabis plant, next to the THC.
The CBD is most well known for the way that it helps THC interact with the body. It not only controls the effects of the THC, but it modulates the strain’s particular high.
It should also be highly noted that there are over 120 different terpenes found in one single cannabis plant. The mixture and concentration of terpenes can play a major role on the flavor and scent of certain strains.
Some growers and users have also reported that the terpenes can even play a role in the type of high that the strain produces. That being said, Indica plants are highly known for producing a high profile of flavors.
You can find anything from a sweet mush to a dark fruity smell, or even a rich earthy tone. When it comes to the Sativa strain you can find profiles that are more citrusy, piney, and tropical.
Knowing When To Harvest The Strains
Harvesting is crucial when it comes to yield and potency. It has already been established that Sativa plants take longer to mature. While buds probably won’t start producing for at least twelve to thirteen weeks, the plants can produce quite the potent yield.
Most experts will prefer to harvest Sativa strains anywhere from November to December when they are cultivating outdoors. However, you have to remember that when growing outdoors the plants are likely to flower late depending on the growing season.
Some of the most potent Sativa strains are usually harvested anywhere from 70 to 77 days after reaching the flowering cycle. Even more potent strains may not need harvesting until 83 to 98 into the flowering cycle.
Many indoor farmers prefer the Indica, because of its smaller stature and faster growing cycle. In fact, some Indica strains only take eight weeks to fully mature and the harvesting process can take two weeks later. When grown outdoors most experts usually prefer to harvest anywhere from October to late September. This usually takes place about 55 to 70 days after the flowering process starts.